Basic Principles of Unani System of Medicine for Healthcare

Unani principles of health and well-being involves cleanliness of body, cleanliness of clothes, personal cleanliness, cleanliness of the home, unani diet, etc.

Top 5 unani principles for healthy living

Cleanliness of Body

  • Takes bath every day as it helps to clean the body.
  • One should bath through fresh cold water but children and old
    people should use lukewarm water.
  • Bathing is not advisable immediately after or before exercise, tiresome work, or sexual intercourse.
  • Pregnant women should not spend more time in the bathroom as it causes weakness and saps energy.
  • After bath, use a soft clean towel to dry the body.
  • Lukewarm water is preferable for bathing throughout the year.
  • One may spend five to fifteen minutes in bathing.

Cleanliness of Clothes

  • Undergarments must be changed and washed every day.
  • Clothes should be changed and washed every three to four days in all seasons.
  • All tight clothes should be avoided as they interfere with circulations, respiration, digestion, and action of muscles.

Personal Cleanliness

  • Personal cleanliness means cleanliness of skin, mouth, nails,
    hair and other parts of the body.
  • The best way of cleaning the teeth is to brush them with a Miswak, a soft branch Neem or Babool as it cleans and keeps the gums strong.
  • The tongue should be cleaned every morning.
  •  Nails should be trimmed regularly at least once in a week.
  • Hair in the armpits and on the pubic region should be removed at least once a month.

Cleanliness of Home

  • The windows and doors must be kept open to allow fresh air.
  • Room dampness should be avoided.
  • Take special care to keep bathrooms and lavatories clean.

Unani diet

  • Diet for Children: It should be liquid, semi-liquid, easily digestible, rich in protein such as milk, cream, eggs, meat and vegetable soup, fruits, and easily
    digestible pulses.
  • Diet for Young Persons: Heavy meals of mutton, dry fruit, butter, vegetables,  bread, rice, and almost all types of food are easily digested at this age.
  • Diet for Old Persons: Light and easily digestible food should be taken.
  • Mutton and eggs better to take in winter while curd, milk, and vegetables are good in summer.
  • In the rainy season, a heavy fluid containing foods such as milk, curd, watermelon, and vegetables should be avoided.
  • Moderation in eating is of great importance.

How to eat as per Unani?

  • Eat only whenever you feel hungry.
  • Overeating eating should be discouraged.
  • Take well cooked and comparatively hot foods but not too hot foods.
  • Stale foods should be avoided, especially in the rainy season.
  • While eating foods, your mind should be calmed and relaxed.
  • Fruits and vegetables should be taken with meals every day.
  • One shouldn’t take some type of food always.
  • Avoid eating rice continuously as it encourages excess of fluid in the body.
  • Excess use of citrus foods leads to weakening the body and hasten aging.
  • Continuous use of sweetmeats leads to weakening the nerves and upsetting the stomach.

The following combinations of food should be avoided while eating.

  • Rice and watermelon
  • Rice and Sattoo
  • Pomegranate and Hareesa
  • Kalla Paye and grapes
  • Fish and milk

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