A number of people are get confused with Kumquats and oranges because of their similarities. And even for some people, Kumquat is a unique name in the category of fruit. For them, it is must to know that Kumquat is an edible fruit and resembles to orange but smaller in size. The fruit is eaten along with peel. The name kumquat comes from Chinese ‘Cantonese’ means ‘golden tangerine’. The fruit is native to South Asia and originally were being cultivated in China. It is considered as sacred plant in China and given as gift on the occasion of lunar New Year. Now, the juicy fruit is grown all over the world. It can be eaten just like as grapes and olives along with peel. It is full of health and medicinal benefits.
Top Health benefits of kumquat
Kumquat is playing very important role for the overall wellness of the body. It reduces the chances of diabetes, smooth digestion and enhances the immunity of the body. It is also good for skin, hair and health.
- Helps in glowing of skin: The presence of antioxidants and other compounds helps to minimize the impact of free radicals thus prevents from the negative effects of wrinkles, pimples, acne and blackheads.
- Encourage weight loss: It tends the feeling of full stomach because of high fiber content, high water content and low calories. Thus, a ideal means for those who want to lose weight.
- Strength your hair: The adequate amount of vitamin C and antioxidants helps in the quality, growth and strengthening of hair thus reduces the probability of hair fall and hair loss.
- Prevent diabetes: It is good for digestion as well as digestive system because of the presence of enough fiber. These dietary fibers also balance insulin and glucose in the body thus prevents sugar and diabetes.
- Protects the body from degenerative diseases: It has abundant amount of vitamin A, C and E, which act against free radicals thus save the body from many ailments.
- Good for overall health: Kumquats are full of phyto-nutrients. It has adequate amount of minerals, vitamins, dietary fiber and pigments. It is eaten along with peel that brings many health benefits because of its containing of essential oils, antioxidants, tannins, pectin, non-starch polysaccharides and hemi-cellulose.
- Full of antioxidants: The fruit is packed with bio-chemical compounds such as ascarotenes, tannins, lutein, zea-xanthin, essential oils like limonene, pinene, a-muurolene, a-bergamotene, etc.
- Helps in wound healing: Due to plenty of vitamin C (100 g of it provides 73% of recommended daily allowances) helps to protect the body from wound and injuries related problems. It is also helpful in collagen synthesis.
- Good for teeth health: It is having calcium, which is the most important components for teeth and bones formation.
- Helps in metabolism: The fruit is having adequate amount of B-complex such as thiamin, niacin, pyridoxine, folates and pantothenic acid, all helps in the metabolism of carbohydrate, protein and fats.
In 100 g of the fruit contains the following nutritional value: calories (274), protein (3.8g), Fat (0.4g), carbohydrate (72.1g), calcium (266mg), phosphorous (97mg), iron (1.7mg), sodium (30mg), potassium (995mg), vitamin A (2, 530IU), riboflavin (0.40mg), thiamine (0.35mg) and ascorbic acid (151mg).
Uses of Kumquats
- It is used to make jellies, sauce, fruit-concentrates, jams and jellies.
- Its slices are used in salads to make it relish.
- It is used in making of marmalades, candied and preserves because of its thin peel.
- It is used in making of ice cream, pie, cakes and juice.
- It is used to make the dishes decorative.
- Pickles are also made of it.
- It is added in meat dishes due to its acidic features.
- Due to its sweet flavor, it is used for candies, desserts, cocktails and garnishes.
- Liquor, extracts and products used as traditional medicines are prepared from it.
Types of kumquats
The different important varieties of kumquats are given below:
- Round kumquat: It is most widely used and cultivated species, given as gift in New Year and having the characteristics of cold tolerance.
- Oval kumquat: It is also known as Nagami kumquat. The entire fruit is eaten including its skin because of its sweetness flavor.
- Jiangsu kumquat: It is the edible fruit and used in making of marmalade and jellies. It can be recognized by its round leaves.
- Centennial variegated kumquat: It is distinguished because of its variegated color in the form of green and yellow strips. Its skin is comparatively thin.
Due to its popularity in South Asia and rest of the world, the fruit is hybridized. The various hybrids form of the edible as well as the ornamental plants is given below:
- Calamondin mandarin orange x kumquat
- Yuzuquat yuzu x kumquat
- Orangequat: Satsuma mandarin x kumquat
- Sunquat: lemon x kumquat
- Citrangequat:citrange x kumquat
- Limequat: key lime x kumquat
- Procimequat: limequat x kumquat
Selection tips: One should to choose those kumquats which are bright orange in color.
Storage Tips: At room temperature, it can be kept or used up to three days while for refrigerated kumquats can be used upto two weeks.
How to eat them: Eat the ripe orange color fruit as a whole including its peel.
Growing season: The growing season of the fruit is from November to March.