Importance of being a Teacher
Teachers have been revered as gurus in Indian culture since ancient times. The teacher-disciple association has greater significance, which is beyond one’s imagination. The very entwined teacher-disciple association, devotion, and dedication can be traced since the Gurukul times. In the Indian system, teachers are worshipped and more important than parents, especially when values and ethics are considered. The very basic motto of our culture is Acharya Devo Bhava (The teacher is God).
If you want to make your career as a teacher in teaching, you must have a passion for teaching and education. For teachers, teaching and learning is a continuous process. Teachers are a boon for society as they build the very base of civilisation with their patience. The progress of a community, nation or world depends entirely on the teacher. The various social development indicators, like the Human Development Index, literacy, etc., are associated directly or indirectly with how teachers teach their students.
Eligibility for Teachers
The minimum eligibility for a school teacher is 10+2. To be a Graduate Trained Teacher (TGT) or Post Graduate Trained Teacher (PGT), one has to complete B. Ed from a recognised university and for government schools and jobs, one has to appear in the entrance exam. However, there is no such test to have a placement in a private school. For TGT and PGT, the minimum qualification is Graduate and Post Graduate, respectively. One can also appear in the CBSE’s Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET). CTET scores are accepted by government schools and some private schools from the class I to VIII. For Lecture, Reader, and Professor in colleges and universities, one has to be an MA and PhD in their respective subjects. One must also pass the National Eligibility Test (NET) or State Eligibility Test (SET) to qualify for lecturership and teach in colleges and universities. University Grants Commission conducts the exam of NET. The eligibility criteria for different groups of teachers are as follows:
- For Nursery Teachers Training, the minimum qualification is 10+2.
- For the Teachers Training Certificate, the minimum qualification is 10+2.
- For B.Ed., the minimum qualification is Graduation
- For College Teachers/NET, the minimum qualification is Post Graduation.
More or less, in all B.Ed colleges, maximum thrust is given to teaching methodology so that the aspiring teacher can handle the students and the class effectively. B. Ed is a rigorous one-year course where papers like Philosophy of Education, Education Psychology, History of development of education, Teaching methodology of concerned two subjects, Elective, ICT and Practical examinations must be successfully passed.
The syllabus for NET or SET varies from subject to subject.
List of Best B.Ed Colleges
There are many colleges, institutes, and universities in India which are offering B.Ed. The fee structure is not so high. It varies from college to college, typically from Rs 10 000 to Rs 40 000. Here is the list of some of the top and best institutions for B.Ed in India are:
- Delhi University, Delhi
- Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi
- University of Mumbai, Mumbai
- University of Kolkata, Kolkata
- University of Rajasthan, Jaipur
- JSS Institute of Education, Bangalore
- IGNOU, Delhi
- Indira Gandhi B.Ed College, Karnataka
- Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
- Agra Public Teacher Training College, Agra
- Dr MR Reddy College of Education, Andhra Pradesh
- AG Teachers College, Ahmadabad
- KKECS Institute of Management, Bangalore
- Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
- St. Xaviers College of Education, Patna
- JSR Collge of Education, Coimbatore
- RVS College of Education, Coimbatore
- Loyola College of Education, Chennai
Teaching Job Options
The job prospect is brighter in the teaching profession. The profession also offers a good pay package and remuneration. If you understand sharing information and knowledge with others, then there is no shortage of jobs. The government teaching jobs are lucrative. Both school and college teachers get good salaries. The timetable is also very comfortable. Private institutions and colleges are also offering good salaries to deserving candidates. School time is quite suitable, i.e. 8 AM to 3 PM. Other employees of different organisations and departments are longing for such time slots. College time is also very affordable. The salary for school teachers starts from Rs 25, 000 while in colleges the starting wage for the lecturer is Rs 40, 000. As your experience increases, accordingly, the salary packet also gets enhanced.
There is also a demand for teachers from India across the world. A large number of teachers from India are recruited every year for the USA, UK, Canada, Australia, African countries, and Arab worlds. Teachers are getting fatty salaries in foreign countries.
Careers in Teaching
Teaching is one of the most rewarding as well as challenging professions. Considering the vast base of the younger population and effective intervening measures by the governments, the career prospects in teaching are huge. Schools, Colleges, and Universities have extensive opportunities for teaching faculty. Teaching is one of the best professions that offers stability. Teaching is considered a noble profession because of its reverence and holiness. Though teaching is not a very high-paying job, the demand for good teachers is always high with the system. Teaching is a highly suitable profession for women. Job options are available in Play Schools, Nursery Schools, Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools, Colleges, and Universities.
What are the Teacher’s Skills?
- Good teachers are full of patience, wisdom, and intelligence to teach student values.
- The teacher must be an excellent communicator to share knowledge with students.
- Good teachers try to extract the best from the students.
- Helps to instil discipline among the students.
- They are the teachers whom the students remember throughout their lives.
- There should be good communication and coordination skills.
- They should have a great attachment to the subject taught to the students.
- They are the pillar that shapes the career of the child.
- The teacher should be his students’ friend, guide, and philosopher.
- Teacher plays a significant role in the child’s social, moral, cultural, and personality development.
- Special educators deal with physically challenged students. This is a challenging job, and full credit should be given to the tutor.
- Having the ability to teach the same things in different ways.
- Teachers act as a catalyst for social change.
List of Eminent Teachers
India witnessed some leading, famous and renowned teachers from ancient times to the recent period. The name of some of the few eminent teachers is:
- Adi Shankaracharya
- Sri Ramkrishna Paramhans
- Sir Ashutosh Mukherji
- Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishna
- Prof. Meghnad Saha
- Sri JC Bose
- Dr. Satendranath Bose
- Dr. Amartya Sen
- Ar. APJ Abdul Kalam
Pros and Cons of Teaching
The profession of a teacher is satisfying and rewarding. You are responsible for making society aware of education, thus removing ignorance and contributing to the community and the nation’s development. You are paid an attractive salary with incentives like a big vacation. The long vacation spell enables you to spend quality time with your family. This is the profession where you should only sit briefly in your schools. There are some challenges that the teachers have to face. The life of a teacher is monotonous. All the students in the class are not good. Some are notorious and spoil the decorum of the entire course. Making lesson plans requires extra time, and completing the syllabus on time is another pressure from the higher authorities. Professional development is also not satisfactory.