Teaching as a Career, Teachers Job Opportunity

Importance to being a Teacher

Teachers have been revered as Guru in Indian culture since the ancient times. The teacher-disciple association has greater significance, which is beyond one’s imagination. The very entwine teacher-disciple association, devotion and dedication can be traced since the Gurukul times. In Indian system, teachers are worshiped and have more importance than parents, especially when values and ethics are considered. The very basic motto of our culture is Acharya Devo Bhava (The teacher is God).

If you want to make your career as a teacher in teaching, you must have a passion for teaching and education. For teachers, teaching and learning is a continuous process. Teachers are boon for the society as they are with their patience build the very base of the society. The progress of a nation is largely depended upon teacher. The various social development indicators like Human Development Index, literacy, etc. is associated directly or indirectly the way the teachers teach their students.

Eligibility for Teachers

The minimum eligibility for school teacher is 10+2. To be a Graduate Trained Teacher (TGT), or Post Graduate Trained Teacher (PGT), one has to complete B.Ed from a recognised university and for government schools and jobs, one has to appear in entrance exam. However, to have a placement in private school, there is no as such test. For TGT and PGT, the minimum qualification is Graduate and Post Graduate respectively. One can also appear in Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) conducted by CBSE. CTET scores are accepted by government schools as well as some private schools from the class I to VIII.  For Lecture, Reader and Professor in colleges and universities, one has to be MA and Ph.D. in their respective subjects. One has also to pass National Eligibility Test (NET) or Sate Eligibility Test (SET) to be qualified for lecturership and to teach in colleges and universities. The exam of NET is conducted by University Grants Commission. The eligibility criteria for different groups of teachers are as follows:

  • For Nursery Teachers Training, the minimum qualification is 10+2.
  • For Teachers Training Certificate, the minimum qualification is 10+2.
  • For B.Ed., the minimum qualification is Graduation
  • For College Teachers/NET, the minimum qualification is Post Graduation.

B.Ed Syllabus

More or less in all B.Ed colleges, maximum thrust is given on teaching methodology so that the aspiring teacher can handle the students as well as the class effectively. B. Ed is a rigorous one year courses where papers like Philosophy of Education, Education psychology, History of development of education, Teaching methodology of concerned two subjects, Elective, ICT and Practical examinations have to be successfully passed.

Syllabus for NET or SET varies from subject to subject.

List of Best B.Ed Colleges

There are many colleges, institutes and universities in India, which are offering B.Ed.  The fee structure is not so high. It varies from colleges to colleges and normally it ranges from Rs 10, 000 to Rs 40, 000. Here is the list of some of the top and best institutions for B.Ed in India are:

  1. Delhi University, Delhi
  2. Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi
  3. University of Mumbai, Mumbai
  4. University of Kolkata, Kolkata
  5. University of Rajasthan, Jaipur
  6. JSS Institute of Education, Bangalore
  7. IGNOU, Delhi
  8. Indira Gandhi B.Ed College, Karnataka
  9. Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
  10. Agra Public Teacher Training College, Agra
  11. Dr. MR Reddy College of Education, Andhra Pradesh
  12. AG Teachers College, Ahmadabad
  13. KKECS Institute of Management, Bangalore
  14. Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  15. St. Xaviers College of Education, Patna
  16. JSR Collge of Education, Coimbatore
  17. RVS College of Education, Coimbatore
  18. Loyola College of Education, Chennai

Teaching Job Options

The job prospect is brighter in the teaching profession. The profession also offers good pay package and remuneration. If you have the acumen of sharing information and knowledge with others, then there is no dearth of jobs. The government teaching jobs are lucrative. Both school and college teacher get good salary. The time table is also very comfortable. Private institutions and colleges are also offering good salary to the deserving candidates. School time is quite suitable i.e. 8AM to 3 PM. Other employees of different organisation and departments are longing for such time slots. College time is also very affordable.  The salary for school teachers started from Rs 25, 000 while in colleges the starting salary for the lecturer is Rs 40, 000. As your experience increases, accordingly, salary packet also gets enhanced.

There is also a demand of teachers from India to across the world. A large number of teachers from India are recruited every year for USA, UK, Canada, Australia, African countries and for Arab worlds. Teachers are getting fatty salary in foreign countries.

Careers in Teaching

Teaching is one of the most rewarding as well as challenging professions. Considering the vast base of younger population and effective intervening measures by the governments, the career prospects in teaching is huge. Schools, Colleges, and Universities have vast opportunities for teaching faculty.  Teaching is one of the best professions that offer stability. Teaching profession is considered as a noble profession because of its revered and holiness. Though, teaching is not a very high paid job, yet the demand of good teachers is always high with the system. Teaching is highly suitable profession for women. Job options are available in Play School, Nursery School, Elementary School, Secondary School, Colleges and Universities.

What are the Teachers Skills?

  • Good teachers are full of patience, wisdom and intelligence to inculcate values among the students.
  • Teacher needs to be a good communicator to share knowledge with students.
  • Good teachers try to extract the best from the students.
  • Helps to instil discipline among the students.
  • They are the teachers whom the students remembered throughout their lives.
  • There should be a good communication and coordination skills.
  • He/She should have great attachment with the subject that taught to the students.
  • They are the pillar who shapes the career of the child.
  • Teacher should be a friend, guide and philosopher for his students.
  • Teacher plays a great role in the social, moral, cultural and personality development of the child.
  • Special educators deal with the physically challenged students.  This is the challenging jobs and full credit should be given to the tutor.
  • Having the ability to teach the same things in a different ways.
  • Teachers act as a catalyst for social change.

List of Eminent Teachers

From the ancient times to the recent period, India witnessed some leading, famous and renowned teachers. The name of some of the few eminent teachers is:

  • Vashisht
  • Dhaumya
  • Dronacharya
  • Kripacharya
  • Parashurama
  • Adi Shankaracharya
  • Ramanujacharya
  • Sri Ramkrishna Paramhans
  • Sir Ashutosh Mukherji
  • Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishna
  • Prof. Meghnad Saha
  • Sri JC Bose
  • Dr. Satendranath Bose
  • Dr. Amartya Sen
  • Ar. APJ Abdul Kalam

Pros and Cons of Teaching

The profession of a teacher is satisfying and rewarding. You have great responsibility to make the society aware about education thus removes ignorance and contribute to social and nation development. You are paid attractive salary with incentives like big vacation. The long spell of vacation enables you to spend quality time with your family members. This is the profession, where you shouldn’t sit for late hours in your schools. There are some challenges that the teachers have to face.  The life of a teacher is monotonous. All the students in the class are not of good nature. Some are notorious and spoil the decorum of the entire class. Making lesson plans require extra time and completing the syllabus on time is another pressure from the higher authorities. Professional development is also not satisfactory.

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