Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar popularly known as Yogacharya B. K. S. Iyengar, born on December 14, 1918, in Bellur, Kolar, District, Karnataka. India. He was the founder of Iyengar yoga.
He was one of the leading and foremost yoga teachers in the world and had been practicing and teaching yoga for more than 75 years. In fact, he is known as King of Yogasanas because of the way he embraces and the precision of practice of yoga poses.
Dr. B. K. S. Iyengar has authored more than 30 books on yoga practice and philosophy. Some of his best-known books are ‘Light on Yoga’, ‘Light on Pranayama’, ‘Light on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjala’, ‘Patanjala Yogasutra Paricaya’, ‘Illustrated Light on Yoga’, ‘Yoga-A Path to Holistic Health’, Art of Yoga, ‘Light on Life’, Yoga and Sports-A Journey towards Health and Healing, etc.
“Light on Yoga” gradually became an international best-seller and was translated into 17 languages. Often called “the bible of yoga,” it succeeded in making yoga well known throughout the globe. The book features instructions, illustrations, and descriptions of yoga poses and breathing exercises (pranayama) and also featured 600 yoga photos of Iyengar practicing yoga.
Iyengar school of yoga is worldwide famous and generally offered yoga classes more or less in all the continents of the world and has millions of followers across the world.
Yogacharya Iyengar was awarded the Padma Shri in 1991, the Padma Bhushan in 2002, and the Padma Vibhushan in 2014, and in 2004 he was featured by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. In June 2011, he was presented with a commemorative stamp issued in his honor by the Beijing branch of China Post.
He was the 11th of 13 children and faced a very difficult childhood due to the poor condition of the family.
During childhood time, he was very sick and weak and continued to suffer from a variety of ailments like malaria, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, and malnutrition.
At the age of 15, Iyengar went to live with his brother-in-law, Sri Tirumalai Krishnamacharya, one of the most famous yogis of all time wherein he learned yogasana and gradually overcome his weaknesses.
In 1937, he moved to Pune where he improved his art of yoga thereby increased his followers and popularity. He married to Ramamani in 1943 with whom he has five daughters and one son. Unfortunately, his wife died at the age of 46.
Krishnamacharya was highly praised for Iyengar’s art and science of Yoga and gave him a gold medal known as Yoga Shikshaka Chakravarti, which means “Emperor of Yoga Teachers, Teacher of Teachers.”
He taught yoga to the violinist Yehudi Menuhin, in turn, who introduced Iyengar to the Western world. Yehudi Menuhin also writes the foreword for Light on Yoga in 1965. Iyengar was instrumental to make yoga much more popular in the western world. According to him that yoga is for everyone…..old, young, stiff, thin, or diseased person.
In 1975, Iyengar opened the Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute in Pune, in memory of his departed wife. He officially retired from teaching in 1984 but continues to be active in the world of Iyengar Yoga, teaching special classes and writing books.
Iyengar take his first formal yoga class in 1936.
Iyengar got his spine dislocated due to a scooter accident after that he started using props to teach yoga to disabled people.
Iyengar taught yoga to Queen Elizabeth of Belgium, who was 85-year old, and help her in doing Sirsasana on her own.
Besides Queen Elisabeth, he taught yoga to many celebrities like Jayaprakash Narayan, novelist Aldous Huxley, actress Annette Beining, filmmaker Mira Nair, designer Donna Karan, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, Bollywood actress Kareena Kapoor, etc.
His basic motto was ‘Yoga for All’ and focus on the coordination of mind, body, and breath.
He was the master of Hatha Yoga and also introduced various props viz. blocks, chairs, blankets, etc. to make the practicing of yoga much easier.
Even at the age of 90, he was practicing yogasana daily for three hours and pranayama for half-hour.
The tradition of Iyengar is being continued by his two children son Prashant and daughter Geeta both nationally and internationally. Geeta Iyengar died in 2018.
He died on August 20, 2014, at the age of 95 in Pune, Maharashtra, India.
He was an animal lover and donated Rs. 2 million to Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens, Mysore, considered as the highest donation made by an individual to a zoo.
San Francisco Board of Supervisors declared 3rd October, 2005 as ‘ BKS Iyengar Day’.
Now ‘Iyengar’ is a noun defined by Oxford Dictionaries as ‘a type of Hatha Yoga focusing on the correct alignment of the body, making use of straps, wooden blocks, and other objects as aids in achieving the correct postures.