Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Biography and Transcendental Meditation

Who was Maharishi Mahesh Yogi?

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi was an Indian guru and spiritual teacher credited with introducing the practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM) to the West. Born in 1918 in the village of Raipur, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi founded the Transcendental Meditation movement and Global Country of World Peace.

Guru of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

Due to his early interest in spirituality, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi left for the Himalayas. He became a disciple of Guru Dev Swami Brahmananda Saraswati, Shankaracharya of Jyotir Math in the Himalayas. He studied under his guidance for 13 years, per his Guru’s instruction, who wanted Mahesh Yogi to complete his education before making him his disciple. Following his Guru’s direction, Maharishi Yogi earned a degree in physics from Allahabad University in 1942. His devotion towards Swami Brahmananda and his eagerness to learn made Maharishi a favourite pupil of his Guru. He stayed with his Guru until the latter died. He then went to Uttarkashi and lived in seclusion for two years. Due to caste constraints, he could not succeed his Guru Shankracharya, so he was asked to travel extensively and teach meditation to the masses.

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Biography and his Transcendental Meditation
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi


Transcendental Meditation technique

After the death of his Guru in 1952, Mahesh Yogi embarked on a worldwide journey to spread the vision of his Guru and share the Transcendental Meditation technique, besides speaking with world leaders and lecturing widely. During the 1960s and 1970s, the TM movement proliferated, attracting millions worldwide, including the Beatles, an English rock band seeking a simple and effective way to reduce stress, improve their health and achieve inner peace. According to Mahesh Yogi, the practice of TM could help people overcome anxiety, improve their physical and mental health, and achieve greater self-awareness and spiritual fulfilment.


Mahesh Yogi’s teaching is centred around Transcendental Meditation, which involves the repetition of a mantra or sound to promote deep relaxation and inner peace. He also taught that through TM, individuals could attain a state of “transcendental consciousness, ” leading to higher awareness and spiritual growth. His teachings centred on “consciousness-based education,” which emphasises the development of higher states of consciousness and incorporating spirituality into education and daily life.

International recognition

In 1961, Maharishi held his first international Teacher Training Course in Rishikesh, with participants from India, Canada, Denmark, Germany, the United Kingdom, Malaya, Norway, the United States, Australia, Greece, Italy, and the West Indies.

Founder of Maharishi University of Management

He founded the Global Country of World Peace. This non-profit organisation promotes peace beside the Maharishi University of Management, which offers business, arts and sciences programmes based on his teachings.


Mahesh Yogi wrote more than 20 books on meditation and spirituality, including “The Science of Being and Art of Living,” “Meditation: The Art of Ecstasy,” and “The Dynamics of Consciousness.”


Awards Mahesh Yogi was honoured with several awards for his contributions to spirituality and education, including the International Leadership Foundation’s Global Leadership Award and the Mahavir Mahatma Award from the Mahavir International Peace Foundation.

Mahesh Yogi’s legacy

Mahesh Yogi’s legacy continues through the Transcendental Meditation movement and its various branches, including the Maharishi Foundation, the Maharishi Ayurveda Health Centers, and the Maharishi University of Management. Today, millions of people in over 150 countries practice the Transcendental Meditation technique. The medical and scientific communities recognise its benefits in reducing stress and improving health and well-being.

On 5 February 2008, Mahesh Yogi died at 90 at his residence in Vlodrop, Netherlands.

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