What is cumin seeds?
Cumin seeds(Cuminun cyminum) are know as an integral ingredient of cuisines, uses as a traditional medicine since long but research needs to be done for its therapeutic benefits. Many modern studies have been conducted wherein it has been shown that nutty spice is known for digestion, prevention of diabetes, improving good blood cholesterol, shedding of extra fats, etc. It is also known for having an adequate amount of iron and antioxidants.
10 powerful health benefits of cumin
Cumin seeds or Jeera has many traditional and alternative health benefits, which have been in practice since a long time. Here, we will discussed some evidence-based and scientific benefits of this flavor spice.
- Cumin for fat reduction: In many clinical studies, it has been shown taking cumin seeds with curd is useful in weight loss, waist size, and body fat. It has been also found in the study that those who were using cumin experienced a decreased level of insulin.
- Prevents food poisoning: The eating of cumin reduces the risk of food-related bacterial infections. It also contains a compound, which is called megalomicin, which is associated with antibiotic properties.
- Anti-inflammatory: In a few research studies, it has been shown that taking cumin seeds help to fight inflammation.
- Reduces drug dependence: Drug dependence is becoming an alarming situation across the world. The use of cumin helps to reduce addictive symptoms.
- Good for healthy cholesterol: A scientific-based research has confirmed that taking of cumin extract helps to reduce bad LDL cholesterol. It is also observed that who used cumin extract also experienced higher levels of high-density lipoprotein or good cholesterol.
- Good source of Iron: One teaspoon of cumin contains about 1.4 mg of iron. Thus, it is good for children, and women as in the case of ladies RBC has to be replaced because of menstruation.
- Aids in digestion: Cumin extract enhances the activity of digestive enzymes, which are for smooth digestion and prevent constipation too. It also ensures in release of bile juice, which is good for digestion too.
- Diabetes prevention: In a study in 2017, it has been confirmed that taking of cumin extract greatly reduces sugar levels in the blood and also showing improvements in insulin resistance.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome: If cumin extract or oil is used on a regular basis for a period of one month, it has been confirmed that it considerably reduces stomach pain and bloating and also prevents constipation.
- Memory loss: A study has been conducted in mice wherein it has been found using cumin extract is helpful in gaining of memory.
Cumin medicinal uses
It is generally used as a whole or ground form. The dried seeds are roasted and ground into powder, which in varied cuisines and dishes. There are three varieties of cumin viz. Ground cumin, Black cumin and Bitter cumin. As far as medicinal aspects are concerned, the black cumin is relevant. These black seeds are used as traditional medicines in case of respiratory diseases, headache & migraine, back pain, infections high blood pressure and digestive disorders. Besides, cumin seed is an important spice used in making of various cuisines because of its distinctive flavor and aroma.
Cumin side effects
Though using of cumin seed is considered safe, however taking in excess quantity, it may come out woth some side effects.
- It may increase the risk of bleeding.
- Breathing complications
- pregnant and breast feeding mother should not use it in excess.
- Precautions should also be taken if somebody has abdominal ulcers.
- It might lower the sugar levels therefore the diabetic patients should be careful while taking this spice.
- Since, the spice helps to lower the sugar levels, so precautionary measures should be taken before and after surgery.
Cumin recipes are well known in Asian, South East Asia and African cultures. These seeds are important ingredients in various cuisines. One of the important worldwide use of it is jeera rice, which is a combination of rice and jeera. It is used in meat & vegetables, soups and sauces. Some of the important recipes are Cumin cauliflower soup, Lamb sausage sandwich with cumin-mint yogurt sauce, Grilled cumin-lime chicken, Cumin potatoes, etc.
Cumin seeds nutritional facts
These seeds have phytochemicals, antioxidants, carminative, dietary fiber and anti-flatulence properties. The seeds also have cumin aldehyde, pyrazines, 2-methoxy-3-sec-butylpyrazine, 2-ethoxy-3-isopropylpyrazine, and 2-methoxy-3-methylpyrazine. It has an adequate amount of iron, copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, selenium, zinc and magnesium. It also contains good amounts of B-complex vitamins such as thiamin, vitamin B-6, niacin, riboflavin, vitamin E, vitamin A, and vitamin C besides flavonoid phenolic antioxidants such as carotenes, zeaxanthin, and lutein.