Unani Medicine is an ancient system of medicine widely practised in Arab countries. To make Unani a modern form of treatment, the credit goes to Arab physicians. The motto of Unani medicine revolves around four humours: Phlegm, Blood, Yellow bile and Black bile.
History of Unani Medicine
The history of Unani medicine can be traced from the pivotal work of Hakim Ibn Sina. ‘The Canon of Medicine’ pen by Ibn Sina seems to be a specimen manuscript in the system of Unani. Ibn Sina’s work shows Islamic medicine and Charaka and Sushruta’s philosophy.
However, the founder of Unani medicine is Hippocrates. Credit went to Hippocrates, Jalinoos, Ibn Sina, and Abu Baker Ibn-e-Zakaria Razi to make Unani a complete system.
In India, the actual start of Unani medicine can be seen during the sultanate period, which was subsequently promoted by the regime of the Mughal era.
The Unani physicians (hakims) got royal patronage during these periods, thus helping to expand the Unani system in India.
Unani System in India
The Unani system was introduced in India by the Arab world.
The system flourished in India during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal regime. And during this period, it was in the zenith stage.
The Unani system got a setback during the British period and was completely neglected for over two centuries.
It gained momentum during the freedom struggle, and Hakim Ajmal Khan, a freedom fighter, has executed lots of work for its growth and development. Hakim Ajmal Khan established Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College in Delhi in 1916.
As far as medical practitioners are concerned, India is in the front position. India has a maximum number of medical institutions, research centres and health care facilities.
Unani Education in India
The expansion and growth in Unani education in India are supervised and monitored by the Central Council of Indian Medicine, New Delhi.
To promote the system of Unani in education and training, the system boasts about 40 recognised colleges spread across the country. The intake capacity of these institutions is about 1770 at the undergraduate level.
All these colleges followed the curriculum prescribed by the Central Council of Indian Medicine.
The postgraduate facilities are also available in the fields of Pharmacology (Ilmul Advia), Medicine (Moalijat), Surgery (Jarrahivat), Gynaecology (Qabala-wa-Amraz-e-Niswan), Hygiene (Hifzan-e-Sehat), Basic Principles (Kulliyat), etc. The intake capacity at the PG level is 79.
Unani Colleges in India
There are many recognised colleges and institutions at the government and private levels in India. Names of some of the leading institutions are as follows:
- Government Unani Medical College, Chennai
- Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine, Delhi
- National Institute of Unani Medicine, Pune
- Nizamia Tibbia College and Hospital Hyderabad
- Faculty of Unani Medicine, Jamia Hamdard, Delhi
- Government Unani Medical College, Bangalore
- HSZH Government Unani College, Bhopal
- Ajmal Khan Tibbia College, AMU, Aligarh
- A & U Tibbia College, Karol Bagh, New Delhi
- Anjuman-i-Islam’s Tibbia College and Hospital, Mumbai
- ZVM Unani College and Hospital, Pune
- Markaz Unani Medical College & Hospital, Calicut
- Tipu Sultan Unani Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka