What is physiotherapy?
Initially, physiotherapy was considered a kind of massage but after the penetration of modern treatment tools such as Heat therapy, Hydrotherapy, Shortwave, Ultrasonic, Electrical, Stimulator, Electric massagers, Paraffinwax, Infra-red rays, Ultra violet units, Laser therapy, Traction, etc., it has taken a huge leap in treating and curing of physical deformities. Considering the increasing number of physical malfunctions and distortions such as amputation, disability, injury, ailments, paraplegia, quadriplegia, joints pain, arthritis, muscular problems, body strain and stretch, the physiotherapy graduates are in great demand. All the public and private hospitals have different separate wing of physiotherapy, which shows the job options and career opportunities of the field. To excel in the field, one has to have fine knowledge of bones, nerves and muscles. The physiotherapists primarily focused upon preventives, restoratives and rehabilitative aspects.
Physiotherapy Course Details
After passing the 12th standard from Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB) with at least 50% marks from a recognised board, one may appear in entrance test for the enrollment of Bachelor of physiotherapy (BPT) degree. In some of the institutions, qualifying in English is also must. Bachelor of physiotherapy (BPT) is a full time four and half year’s degree course.
- Some students may also opt Bachelor of Occupational therapy (BOT)and Bachelor of Prosthetics and Orthotics(BPO).
- The BPT students have to cover the syllabus i.e. Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Psychology, Kineseology, Biomechanics, Disability prevention, Medical and surgical conditions and rehabilitation.
Specialized career after physiotherapy
After completing the course, one may go for higher studies and can acquire specialization in the following disciplines.
- MA in physiotherapy
- Ph.D in physiotherapy
They can also works in:
- Mental health
- Sports Physical Therapy
- Occupational health
- Clinical Elctrophysiology
- Cardiopulmonary Therapy
- Intensive care
- Women’s health
- Stroke services
Job Oriented Career Options in Physiotherapy
Though physiotherapy is an old discipline but its awareness is gradually spreading among the people. Due to our faulty life pattern, people are suffering from lifestyle related disorders such as backache, frozen shoulder, arthritis, knee pain, mobility problems, etc. where physiotherapists can play an important role by serving them. They have good opportunity in hospitals, rehabilitation centres, nursing homes, OPDs, Wellness centres, Spas, Community health care centres, Fitness centres, Occupational health centres, NGOs, etc.
Skills needed for Physiotherapists
To get good placements and excelling in the field of course studies, following skills and talents give extra advantages:
- Good communication
- Administrative skills
- Organisational skills
- Interpersonal skills
- Teamworking skills
- Ability to work under pressure
- Sound knowledge of the subject
Career Prospects in physiotherapy
The career prospects in physiotherapy and its interdisciplinary disciplines such as Bachelor of Occupational therapy (BOT), Bachelor of Prosthetics and Orthotics (BPO), higher studies like MA and Ph.D are bright. Higher qualifications give you an edge in experience and getting good platform for earning purposes. One can also make one’s niche in Pediatrics, Geriatrics, Orthopedics, Sports Physical Therapy, Neurology, Clinical Elctrophysiology and Cardiopulmonary Therapy.
Job opportunity in physiotherapy
Post modernization, the sedentary and stagnant lifestyles has widened the job prospects of such skilled persons. More or less, all the hospitals, big fitness centres, disable organizations of international reputation hired them at a good remuneration. The door of both the private and public organisations is open for physiotherapy graduates. Teaching is also one of the options after pursuing higher studies in the field. One can also starts own work.
Physiotherapy scopes in USA
The scope and job employment of physiotherapists are more in developed countries such as United Sates of America (USA), United Kingdom (UK), Australia, Canada and Western European nations. USA offers jobs in big pharmaceutical companies in the areas of research & development. Teaching, rehabilitation centres, defense have good scopes for the deserving candidates.
The companies or the top health and fitness organizations who hired them offer lucrative career options. The top employers are:
- Mammoth Resorts of USA
- Taj Blue Diamond
- Sun & Sands
- Ambassador Ajanta
- Mgarpata Club
- All the private and government hospitals
- Talwalkers Pantaloon Fitness Pvt. Ltd.
- Medybiz Pvt. Ltd
- Sports organizations such as Cricket, Football, Tennis, etc.
- Charity organizations serving with disabilities
- Armed services
Salary in Physiotherapy
The pay package in the field depends upon your proficiency ad practiced in the field. The institutions you have opted to complete the course have also great to say. Your communication and critical thinking are the areas to give extra edge to your pay packet. At the entry level, salary starts from Rs. 10, 000-20, 000 per month. However, its huge demand from smaller to big hospitals, the experienced and knowledgeable aspirants get good jump. Private clinic is also lucrative options.
Colleges offer physiotherapy course
There are many colleges, institutes and universities, which are offering physiotherapy degrees. Here given the list of top 10 physiotherapy institutions in India.
- Apollo Physiotherapy College, Hyderabad
- Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute for Physically Handicapped, New Delhi
- Indian Institute of Health Education & Research, Patna
- Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research , Chandigarh
- Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences,
- JSS College of Physiotherapy, Mysore, Karnataka
- SDM College of Physiotherapy, Dharwad, Karnataka
- Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Education, Kottayam, Kerala
- KJ Somaiya College of Physiotherapy
- Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
The course fee ranges between Rs 2 to 5 lakh depending upon the institutes. However, for specialization course after completing BPT, the charges will be more. One has to pay more if eager to pursue higher studies such as MA and Ph.D.
The funding for the deserving candidates is being done by the respective institutes or colleges. For higher studies, one get monetarily help if the candidate gets qualify National Eligibility Test (NET).