What is Shankhaprakshalana?
Shankhaprakshalana is comprised of two words: Shankha conch and Prakshalana means cleaning out.Shankha is used for intestine as passage through the intestines is as tortuous as the passage of a conch. Thus, Shankhaprakshalana means washing or cleansing of intestines. InShankhaprakshalana, the water is made to pass through the intestines with the help of certain exercises, cleans all impurities of the intestines.
The water to be used for this practice should be lukewarm, few degrees warmer than the water used for the Kunjal shatkarma process. The adequate quantity of salt should be used to make it more alkaline.
Sit in Kagasana and take at least three glasses of lukewarm salty water. The text of Haṭharatnavali mentions that the use of water sweetened with jaggery, coconut water or milk water instead of salty water (1/50) taken up to the neck and retaining the water and air both according to the strength.
- Immediately after taking water, perform a series of following four yoga poses in the order given here:
- While performing above yogasanas bend four times to the right and four times to the left in each yoga pose.
- Again take a fresh glass of water and repeat all four asanas one by one. The quantity of water to be consumed varies from individual to individual.
- As soon as there is a sensation to pass stool, go to the toilet and clear the bowel. This will ensure evacuation first of solid stools, then of semi-solid stools and finally of yellowish water. After this take a fresh glass of water and repeat these four yoga poses in rapid succession. This time only liquid will be ejected by the bowels. Continue to take water and repeat the asanas till clear water is evacuated.
- At the end, take two or three glasses of ordinary lukewarm water without any salt and perform the Kunjal otherwise water will continue to be discharged from the rectum for a long time.
- After performing this yogic process, always use warm water for taking bath. Never use cold water.
- The body must be covered with clothes before leaving the bathroom. Avoid exposing the body to cold air.
- Do not keep the stomach empty for long time after completing the practice of Shankhaprakshalana.
- Do take prescribed meal within an hour of finishing the whole process. It is advised to take Khichari (a liquid mixture of cooked rice, moong dal and ghee).
- Avoid taking pepper, vinegar and sour things.
- Milk and curd must not be taken for twenty four hours after performing this Shankhaprakshalana.
- It should be practiced under the guidance of trained Yoga expert.
- Shankhaprakshalana should not be performed during extremely cold or cloudy days.
- People suffering from high blood pressure, hernia, epilepsy, heart diseases and piles should not practise this Kriya.
- Shankhaprakshalana is much more effective in purifying the digestive system.
- This yogic process supports normal functioning of the intestines, relieves flatulence, constipation, acidity, indigestion, menstrual cramps, asthma, acne and boils etc.
- It also prevents urinary infections and formation of kidney stones.
- The addition of fasting or partial fasting enhances benefits of the practice. It counteracts the bowel malfunctions that cause a decrease in the natural cleansing of the intestines due to low-grade food, a sedentary lifestyle, or gradual organic breakdown. It benefits the extreme cases in which the tract could be like a pipe clogged up by lime-scale.
- The purification of the body through the Shankhaprakshalana sharpens the mind and creates dynamic vitality.
- It facilitates performing the advanced and intensive yogic practices leading to higher state of awareness.
Shankhaprakshalana Yoga poses
Sarpasana (Snake Posture) technique
- Take prone lying position, legs and feet together, toes pointing outward, hands by the side of the body, fingers together, palm facing upward, and forehead resting on the ground.
- Fold hands at the elbows and place palms on the ground by the sides of the shoulders in a way that thumbs are under the armpits.
- Bring chin forward and place it on the ground; gaze in front.
- Raise chin and turn head backward as much as possible. Raise the thorax turning supine backward up to the navel. Do not raise navel.
- Maintain the posture for a little while. Then slowly bring the body on the ground – starting from upper part of the navel region, thorax, shoulder, chin and lastly place the forehead on the ground.
- Now, relax the hands and place them by either side of the thighs.
Hastottanasana (Up-Stretched Arms Posture) technique
- Stand on the ground with feet joined together.
- Raise the arms and interlock the fingers of the hands.
- In one smooth movement, looking straight ahead, drop down to the left, bending from the waist, try to get lower enough for the arms to be parallel with the floor.
- Come back to the center and repeat on the right side.
Kaṭicakrasana (Lumbar-Wheel Posture) technique
- Standing firmly on the ground, move the legs apart not more than the shoulders’ length.
- Now, keep the arms out stretched in front of the chest. Swing the arms slowly towards the right side of the body.
- Try to take the arms backwards as far as possible twisting the body from the waist and keep the feet firm on the ground.
- Repeat the same procedure towards the left side.
- Remember, the arm towards which the body is swinging should be kept straight while the other arm should be bent.
- Sit in Kagasana.
- Keep the distance of a hand-span between the feet.
- Keeping the hands on the knees, push the right knee with the right hand close to the left foot, about an inch above the ground.
- Repeat it with similar movement of the left knee towards the right foot.