What is the meaning of high blood pressure?
Blood pressure is the pressure developed by blood against the blood vessels. BP can be experienced with each heartbeat and falls when the heart relaxes. However, blood pressure varies per the factors viz. activity, rest, exercise, temperature, cold, diet, emotional state, posture, medications, etc. The scenario in India is not so upbeat; about 15-20% of people suffer from this lifestyle-related disorder.
Since the disease is coming secretly, it is taking an alarming position in the country. Alternative medicine can be vital in reducing and preventing HBP (Hypertension). Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) can check high blood pressure like yoga, Ayurveda, naturopathy, homoeopathy, Unani, Siddha, diet, etc. Home remedies, prevention, and precautions are essential for treating hypertension.
The various symptoms and signs of high blood pressure (HBP) are given below:
- Kidney failure
- Loss of vision
- Hardening of the arteries
- Headache, heaviness, and restlessness
- Respiratory problems
- Increased heartbeat and heart attack
- Chest pain
- Irritation and anger
- Nose bleeding
High BP is an indicator of serious problems to come. Therefore, it is necessary to diagnose the disease at the right time so that appropriate action may be taken. Like other diseases, mental stress and daily tension are the main culprits. Faulty lifestyles, wrong dietary patterns, negative thinking, and competitive lifestyles augment the condition. The different factors are:
- Smoking and drinking for a more extended period
- Mental stress, tension, anger and un-satisfaction
- Lack of exercise
- Excessive use of salt
- Use of medicine for a long time
- Use of steroid and birth control pill
- Kidney problems
- High and over ambitions
- Hormonal disorders
- An abnormal condition of blood vessels
Normal Blood Pressure
Normal Blood Pressure in a human is 120/80 mm of Hg. For a healthy person, Systolic BP or higher pressure is 110-120mm of Hg, and Diastolic or lower pressure is 70-80 mm of Hg. If BP is less or above the said value, it is termed as low Blood Pressure or High Blood Pressure, respectively.
Yoga for high blood pressure
Yoga and meditation are essential in lowering hypertension, improving the lifestyle through mental relaxation and reducing stress. Yoga and naturopathy are beneficial steps for managing and controlling the condition.
- In such cases, one should practice relaxation asanas and Yoga poses.
- Instead of deep breathing and Kumbhak, simple practice recheck-park in Sukhasama or Vajrasana should be done.
- Chandrabhedi Pranayama is effective in this condition.
- Tadasana helps cure it.
- Katichakrasana is a beneficial yoga pose to relieve hypertension.
- Urdhvahastottanasana is recommended to treat the disorder.
- Bhujangasana is quite valuable for normalising BP.
- Shalabhasana loosens the arteries, thereby helping cure lifestyle-related disorders.
- Dhanurasana keeps your tiredness away and fits for lower hypertension.
- Pavanmuktasana is practised in the case of hypertension.
- Cleansing exercise like Jalneti is also helpful.
- The regular practice of Yog Nidra may also see a positive result.
- Meditation also reduces the possibility.
Ayurvedic treatment for high blood pressure
Anger, anxiety, stress, tension, frustration, and irritability lead to maladaptation of the endocrine system, which causes conditions like this. High BP leads to an untimely death in society if control and management are not taken appropriately. The increasing number of such patients in the general public shows that we neglect nature and turn to an unnatural modern lifestyle. Ayurvedic herbs and blood pressure remedies have been well-known since time immemorial. Here, a few of the ayurvedic and natural treatments for the disease are given.
- Ajwain helps to lower pressure by reducing blood concentration of stress hormones that cause blood vessels to constrict. It is an excellent natural treatment.
- Indian gooseberry (Amla) is adequate in lowering it. Amla and honey should be taken every morning as an herbal remedy.
- Lemon contains Vitamin C, which prevents capillary fragility.
- Watermelon is a good safeguard against BP and helps dilate blood pressure.
- Boiled potato is effective in reducing BP.
- Vegetables contain magnesium, which eases hypertension.
- Calcium and potassium help remove sodium, thereby controlling the vascular system’s working.
- Vitamin C is effective in controlling hypertension.
- Olive oil has monounsaturated fat that lowers systolic and diastolic pressure.
- In diet, the person should take 20% carbohydrate, 10 to 15 % protein, and 60-65 vegetables.
- Herbs like Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Shankapushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), Chandana ( Santalum album), etc. can be taken. All are effective ayurvedic cures and treatments for hypertension.
- Vegetables and fruits in plenty
- Do exercise regularly to control your weight.
- In Ayurveda, the herbal medicines like aloe gel, barberry, gotu kola, calamus, skullcap, cayenne, motherwort, hawthorn and jatamamsi are beautiful ingredients to lower blood pressure.
- The finest way to control it is by using garlic (1 mg of garlic thrice a day), mustard, and onion.
- Crushed clove + Honey twice a week is recommended.
- Take warm milk + saraswat powder.
- Ashwagandha preparations are nature-cure used in case of hypertension.
Herbal treatment for hypertension
Naturopathic Treatment or natural cure remedies are also effective in treating hypertension.
- Spinal spray, freezing spinal drizzle.
- Cold pack on the spine
- Mud bath once a week
- The use of a green bottle duly changed water by sun rays is recommended in the morning and evening.
- A morning walk is beneficial.
- One should stay close to nature
- Immersion bath
- Spinal bath twice or thrice a day
- Garlic helps to ease the spasm of arteries, slows the pulse, and relieves symptoms like dizziness, numbness, shortness of breath, and gas formation.
- Hotfoot bath
High blood pressure diet
Diet has a vital role in treating Hypertension. Take diets that reduce constipation. Patients suffering from HBP should use a minimum amount of salt. Take seasonal fruits 3-4 times a day. Concentrate on your food and chew it properly. Avoid Tamsik food and products containing more salt, Besan, sugar, etc. Also, keep yourself away from non-veg., smoking, and drinking.
- The patient should follow a well-balanced diet, exercise, and rest routine.
- The patient should start with a fruit diet, taking fruit juice thrice daily.
- Oranges, apples, pears, mangoes, pineapples, papaya, and watermelon are the best diet for HBP.
- Vegetables should be taken in raw form as these tremendously lower it.
Diet Chart for Hypertension
The diet pattern helps treat and lower the signs and symptoms of this condition. It is advisable to consult a naturopath or physicians for the food pyramid related to HBP.
- Morning: one glass water + lemon + two spoons of honey
- Breakfast: seasonal fruits like papaya, guava or sprouts or juice of seasonal fruits
- Lunch: boiled vegetables + whole wheat Chapatti + salad + curd
- Snack: seasonal fruits or juice or lemon + one glass water + two spoons of honey
- Dinner: wheat Dalia + whole wheat Chapatti + boiled vegetables + salad
HBP Precautions and Preventions
High BP is generally known as a lifestyle disorder. Therefore, it is essential to bring positive changes in lifestyle, way of thinking, and dietary patterns. Adopt a natural lifestyle instead of a faulty one. Morning and evening walks and sound sleeping at night are suggested. To a more significant extent, sudden and unnatural changes in our daily lifestyle are responsible for high Blood Pressure (BP) or Hypertension. The rapid changes in the standard of living also triggered added disadvantages that lead to diseases like HBP, Obesity, Heart diseases, Insomnia, Asthma, and Diabetes. Some of the essential precautions and preventive measures are given below:
- Follow your weight regime properly
- Exercise regularly.
- Strenuous exercise should be avoided, but morning and evening walk is beneficial
- Give more weightage to fruits and vegetables.
- Keep yourself away from smoking
- Keep the hectic, stressful, anxious, and strained lifestyle in check.
- Decrease salt and fat intake.
- Incompatible and irregular food habits, excessive oil, spicy ghee, butter, pickles, and Papad aggravate the condition
- Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, tobacco, excess tea, coffee, etc.
- Blood pressure should be checked regularly.
- One meal should consist of raw foods, and the second one should be of cooked foods
- Take your meal slowly and in a relaxed atmosphere.
- Late dinner should be avoided.
- Walking is an excellent form of exercise for hypertension.
- Bicycling, swimming, and jogging are also good.
- Patients are advised to take rest as and when required.
- The intake of salt should be restricted. Baking powder should be avoided.