What is corona virus?
Corona viruses are the family of viruses, which are the newly outbreak, can attack human beings of irrespective age groups. The coronavirus causes respiratory infections. These viral infections can range from common cold to severe respiratory problems viz. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19, which has no treatment and no vaccine now. Its symptoms are mild and initially begin gradually. About 80% recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing.
What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is the most dreaded and communicable disease, which is caused by recently discovered virus called corona virus. Recently, it has engulfed maximum countries of the world with thousands of death and lakhs of infected positive patients. The virus is more common and rampant, especially in the developed countries viz. Spain, Italy, UK, USA, Germany, France, etc. This new virus and disease were unknown before its outbreak in Wuhan, China, in the month of December 2019.
- Dry cough
- Breathlessness/Shortness of breath
- Aches and pains
- Nasal congestion
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
How does COVID-19 spread?
- COVID-19 can spread from person to person through small droplets while infected person coughs or sneezes.
- Touching of the infected surfaces followed by touching eyes, nose or mouth.
- People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from the infected person.
- Shaking hands.
- Older people who have high blood pressure, heart problems, diabetes, lung diseases, cancer, are more prone to this disease.
COVID-19 protection and prevention
- Maintain at least 1 metre distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
- Clean your hands with an alcohol based hand rub or wash thoroughly time to time.
- Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
- Respiratory hygiene is utmost important.
- Stay home if you feel unwell.
- Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is spreading widely).
- Avoid traveling to COVID-19 hotspots
- Locks down, Locks down, Locks down
- Avoid touching hands or shaking hands. Instead to Nasmaste
- PREVENTION is the only and only measure to protect oneself.
- Antibiotics do not work against the corona viruses.
- There are no as such evidences that current medicine can prevent or cure the disease.
- No vaccine or drug is effective now for the coronavirus.
COVID-19 Vs SARS
- The virus that COVID-19 and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) are related to each other genetically, but the diseases they cause are quite different.
- SARS was more deadly but much less infectious than COVID-19.
COVID-19 incubation period
The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and beginning of showing the symptoms of the disease. Its incubation period range from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days. However, more research needs to be done on it.
How long does the virus survive on surfaces?
It is not certain how long the virus of COVID-19 survives on surfaces. Studies suggest that corona viruses may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. However, its survival vary from place to place e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment, etc.
COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Question: Can COVID-19 virus be transmitted through the air?
Answer: COVID-19 is generally transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets rather than through the air. But it can happens through infected person sneezing or coughing.
Question: Can COVID-19 virus be transmitted from a person who has no symptoms?
Answer: The risk of catching COVID-19 from a person with no symptoms at all is very low.
Question: Can COVID-19 virus be transmitted from the feces of someone with the disease?
Answer: The risk appears to be low. However, utmost precautions should be taken to clean hands regularly, after using the bathroom and before eating.
Question: How likely am I to catch COVID-19?
Answer: Its depend whether you are in the COVID-19 outbreak area. For most people in most locations, the risk of catching COVID-19 is still low. Wherever COVID-19 is spreading fast, living in, or visiting, these areas lead to the risk of catching COVID-19 is higher.
Question: Should I worry about COVID-19?
Answer: COVID-19 is a dreaded and infectious isease. One in every every 5 people who catch it need hospital care, especially the older people. Its infection is mild in case with children and young adults, even though precautions should be taken at all the levels. Because of its seriousness, worry is quite normal.
Question: Should I wear mask to protect myself
Answer: Only wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms or taking care of someone who may have COVID-19 or having symptoms like breathlessness, high fever, dry cough and sneezing.