Chickenpox (Shingles) Treatment, Vaccination And Prevention

What is Varicella?

Chickenpox/Varicella is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). The main symptoms of Chickenpox are fever, inflamed and blistered rash. It is highly contagious disease and infants and older age people are more prone of the disease. Though, it is not a life threatening disease but may be a problematic issue both for the kids as well as the parents.

Causes of Shingles

Chickenpox is a viral disease, caused by varicella-zoster virus where blistered rash and fever are common among the patients. One of the main characteristics of the virus is that it remain dormant dormant in the body and can be reactivated and cause shingles(herpes).

Symptoms of Chickenpox

  • Blistered
  • Acute itchy rash
  • Fever
  • Chill
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Is chickenpox contagious?

Yes, Chickenpox is a contagious disease. Its contagiousness continue before rash and till it become dry.

How can you contact Chickenpox?

Since, the disease is caused by virus, so, it easily spread from one person to another by air droplets when the infected person coughs or sneezes in the nearby area. Direct contact also caused its expansion. If the pregnant mother is having Chickenpox, there is a possibility tat the new born may also suffered by it.

Who is the most susceptible of Chickenpox virus?

  • Young children
  • An adult who haven’t contacted by this disease earlier, may faced this infection later.
  • Teachers, doctors, nurse, and who is spending time with kids suffering from Chickenpox

Complications of Chickenpox

  • Skin lesion
  • Lungs infection
  • Pneumonia
  • Brain complications like infections and swelling (encephalitis)

Prevention of Chickenpox

  • The infected person should be kept in isolated place to reduce the transmission of the virus.
  • Vaccination is one of the best treatments to check chickenpox.

Chickenpox vaccination

Chickenpox can be the major health threat. So, pro-active measures like vaccination in children would be most effective. Vaccination of children and susceptible adults and adolescent can reduce the diseases burden and transmission of chickenpox. Vaccination can be offered to individuals more than one year of age, who have not suffered previously from chickenpox.

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  1. Bhavana Upadhyaya

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