What is Nadi Shodhana Pranayama?
Nadi Shodhana (nah-dee show-DAH-nah) is consisted of two words: Nadi means ‘subtle energy channel’ and Shodhan means cleaning, purification, cleansing. Nadi Shodhana Pranayama is one of the important pranayamas, which is capable of preventing many diseases and disorders if it practice with proper technique. This practice purifies the Naḍis by removing the blockages from the naḍis and facilitates free flow of prana in naḍis. Nadi Shodhana Pranayama is also known as anulom vilom. Viloma means produced in the reverse order. This variety gets its name from the fact that the nostrils are alternatively used in reversed way during each inhalation and exhalation. This pranayama is also known as Alternate Nostril breathing.
Why Nadis functioning are important?
Nadis viz. Ida, Pingala and Sushumna are get obstructed or blocked because of stress, anxiety, depression and faulty lifestyle. Due to improper functioning of Ida, one can experience depression, cold, laziness, etc. However, if Pingala nadi is not working properly, the person may experience heat, high temper, irritation, excessive appetite and excessive sexual urge
Nadi Shodhana Pranayama reference in yoga texts
- In Gheraṇḍasaṁhita, Nadi Shodhana Pranayama has been considered a preparatory practice and has been described independently.
- In Haṭhapradipika, Nadi Shodhana Pranayama has not been placed under eight kumbhakas rather it has been described separately as a fundamental practice.
- According to Haṭhayoga scriptures, the practitioner should breathe through the nostrils alternately again and again. When inhalation is completed, close both nostrils, the right nostril by the thumb and the left nostril by the ring finger and little finger; never swing the index and middle fingers. The nostrils are to be closed, the kumbhaka is sustained for as long as comfortable; and then exhalation is done (Gheraṇḍasaṁhita, 5/53).
- According to Sivasaṁhita let the wise practitioner close the Pingala (the right nostril) with the right thumb, inspire air through the Iḍa (the left nostril); and keep the air confined – suspending the breath – as long as possible; and afterwards breath out slowly, and not forcibly through the right nostril. Again, draw breath through the right nostril and hold the breath for as long as strength permits; then expel the air through the left nostril, not forcibly, but slowly and gently (Sivasamhita, 3/22-23).
- In has been mentioned in Chudmani Upanishad as cleaning of nerves.
How to do Nadi Shodhana Pranayama step by step
- Sit in any comfortable meditative posture. Those who cannot sit in a meditative posture may sit against a wall with the legs outstretched or in a chair which has a straight back.
- Keep the head and spine erect.
- Close your eyes.
- Be calm and focus on your breathing
- Now, look at the tip of the nose and place the right hand on the right knee and left hand on the left knee.
- Close the right nostril with the thumb. Inhale through the left nostril counting upto five.
- After five counts of breath release the pressure of thumb from the right nostril and press the left nostril with the ring finger, blocking the flow of air.
- Exhale through the right nostril counting upto 5 keeping the respiration rate slow, deep and silent.
- Inhale through the right nostril counting upto 5.
- Exhale through the left nostril counting upto 5, keeping the respiration rate slow, deep and silent.
- Do it five rounds.
Awareness and breathing
In the initial stage, one should practise it for 3 to 5 minutes. It can be repeated for number of rounds according to the capacity. Make sure that there is no sound when the air passes through the nostrils. The practitioner should practise it daily for a week with normal breathing pattern. During this period, the breathing rate and flow time should remain the same for inhalation and exhalation. Later on the ratio between inhalation and exhalation should be modified as 1:2.
Top facts about Nadi Shodhana Pranayama
- Nadi Shodhana Pranayama means purifications of nerves.
- It is the excellent breathing practice to keep the mind cool and calm.
- It is said that the practice of this praṇayama purifies all the impurities of Naḍi viz. nerve impulses, saṁskara or impressions and helps to attain physical and mental wellbeing.
- Nadi Shodhana Pranayama is a practice done actually before eight praṇayama explained in Haṭhayogic texts.
- This is the most common praṇayama prescribed for everybody without any problem.
- Those who have some health problems should perform it without kumbhaka.
9 Wonder benefits of Nadi Shodhana Pranayama
- Nadi Shodhana Pranayama helps to calm and steadies the mind, improves focus and concentration. Stimulates calming centers of the brain.
- Opens the naḍis (energy channels); removes blockages from them and facilitates free flow of energy throughout the body.
- Improves blood supply to brain.
- Balances left and right hemispheres and promotes clear thinking.
- Strengthens the immunity of the body. Therefore, it should be practiced everyday in covid 19 pandemic time.
- Reduces anxiety and stress and helps to manage hypertension.
- Provides sufficient oxygen for the functioning of every cell in our body. Without sufficient oxygen, food cannot be properly metabolized.
- Removes waste products such as carbon dioxide and other toxic gases from body.
- Strengthens muscles and helps to gain control over the diaphragm movement; improves abdominal tone and singing capacity.
Precautions and contraindications
- Initially retention of breath (kumbhaka) should be avoided.
- At the slightest sign of discomfort reduce the duration of inhalation and exhalation.
- Make sure that you don’t force in any way and that there is no haste whatsoever.
- It should be done as though you have all the time in the world.
Difference between of Nadi Shodhana Pranayama and Anulom Vilom
In both the case, breathing is done from the left nostril while exhale through the right nostril. However, in case of anulom vilom, there is no Kumbhak whereas it is compulsory in case of Nadi Shodhana Pranayama.