What is dengue fever?
Dengue fever is caused by the dengue virus where the symptoms are characterized by fever, headache, severe joint pains, skin rashes, etc. Dengue is caused by a family of viruses, carried by mosquitoes, especially the Aedes aegypti. Chronic fever may range from one to two weeks. Dengue fever is generally tended to attack people with a low immune system. The Aedes mosquito can bite many people. The suitable biting time of the Aedes mosquito is generally in the morning and in the evening. Dengue fever is more common in urban and semi-urban areas. Dengue fever is also known as ‘Break Bone Fever’ because of severe body ache and joint pains. As per World Health Organisation (WHO), more than 40 % of the world population (over 2.5 billion) is at risk of dengue.
Dengue symptoms come to notice after 10 to 15 days of biting of the mosquitoes which are the career of the viruses.
- Abrupt fever with chills
- Fever gets down after 3 to 4 days with excessive sweating. The patient experienced a normal temperature for one day and again temperature surges.
- Severe Headache
- Severe body ache
- Low back pain
- Severe muscle and joints pain
- Skin rashes
- Pain behind eyes
- Palm and sole may be swollen and red.
- Pain in abdomen with Nausea
- The four kinds of viruses that caused dengue are DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, DEN-4,
- Vector for these viruses is Aedes Aegypti
- Blood transfusion and organ donation from infected person
Favorite places of dengue mosquitoes
- Water Cooler
- Dirty ponds and water bodies
- Water in open vessel
- Old and discarded tyres
- Dirty and filthy water
- Flower vase, Flowerpots
- Choked roof gutters
- Unused toilet bowls
- Concrete drain
- Tree holes and leaf axils
As far as treatment is concerned, there is no such vaccine available for the disease. The main thing is the prevention and hospital doctors and nurses play a supportive role to maintain the body’s fluid level and pay much more attention to platelets because platelet count gets drastically reduced during dengue. In a number of cases, platelet transfusion is being done to avoid the severity of the case. In a normal person, the platelet is 1.5lacs to 4.5 lacs per microlitre of blood. Paracetamol may also be given initially to reduce fever. In homeopathic treatment, medicine like Aconitum napellus 30, Bryonia alba 30, Eupatorium perfoliatum 30, and Rhus Toxicodendron 30 may be given to patients to control dengue fever after consultation with the physicians.
Home Remedies for Dengue
- In the case of dengue, one should take more and more fluid and oral dehydration.
- Fresh papaya leaves juice is highly recommended to dengue patients as enzymes such as chymopapain and papin of papaya leaves are effective in raising the blood platelet counts.
- Take those diets, which can be easily digested.
- Avoid spicy and oily foods.
- Take sufficient rest.
- To reduce body temperature, one should practice hydrotherapy.
Prevention is better than cure is more appropriately suitable for dengue disease. Prevention is of utmost importance in the case of dengue.
- Accumulated/stagnant water is the favorite breeding ground for mosquitoes. Therefore, such unhygienic conditions should be careful of.
- Proper cleaning of water storage i.e. water cooler should be done on regular basis or once a week.
- To prevent mosquito breeding, 2tsp of kerosene or petrol can be put into 100 litres of stagnant water.
- Mosquito net should be used; especially precautions should be taken with children.
- Mosquito repellent should be used.
- Long-sleeved dresses both in the case of children and adults should be preferred.
- Discard the items such as tyres, broken pots, which may the source of collecting water.
- Prevent mosquito entering into eyes.
- One should use a screen on the door and windows to prevent the entry of mosquitoes.
- Whenever the spray worker comes, ask him to spray properly near your and adjoining areas.
- Discourage the children to play outdoors in shorts and a half.
- To control mosquitoes use aerosol and liquid spray.
- Water should be removed from flowers on alternate days.