What is Rubella?
Measles/Rubella is highly contagious disease caused by virus and mostly cases are seen among baby less than 2 years of age. The disease may happen throughout the year, but more prominent in spring and winter.
- High fever
- Redness eyes and watering from eyes
- Running nose
Measles is caused by virus. Measles spreads from infected person to normal person by droplet spray of nasal secretion. An infected person remains contagious.
The rash of measles appears on the 4th day when the body temperature rises abruptly and often reaches 40-50 degree centigrade. The rash starts behind the ears along the hairline on the upper lateral part of the neck and on posterior part of the cheeks. In next 2-3 days, rash spread to back, abdomens, arms, thigh and finally reaches to the feet. As this rash reaches the feet, it starts feeding from the face and then proceeds downwards in the same sequence, in which appeared. At this stage, other symptoms also subside rapidly and patient who was looking desperately ill, appears essentially well.
Complications of measles
- Respiratory tract complications of measles are most frequent.
- Pneumonia may occurs.
- Otitis media (Ear infection).
- Diarrhoea, dysentery and appendicitis.
- Neurological complication like Encephalitis.
Treatment of Measles
Treatment is mainly supportive and symptomatic. Fever is controlled by Paracetamole and hydrotherapy. Adequate amount of fluid is given. A good nourishing diet is also preferred. Vitamin A should be given to children as it reduces the severity of the disease.
Active immunization should be done with measles vaccine at the age of 9-15 months.