List of 42 Yoga Poses of Common Yoga Protocol of International Day of Yoga

Yoga poses in common yoga protocol

 PRAYER

 Yoga should start with prayer.

Samgacchadhvamsamvadadhvam

samvomanāmsijānatām

devābhāgamyathāpūrve

sanjānānāupāsate

 

May you move in harmony;
May you speak in unison;
Let our mind be equanimous like in the beginning;
Let the divinity manifest in your sacred endeavours.Yoga day images

Source: Ministry of ayush

 SADILAJA/CALANA KRIYAS /LOOSENING PRACTICES

These are Yogic SuksmaVyāyāmas help to increase microcirculation.

  • Forward and backward bending
  • Right and left bending
  • Right and left twisting
  • Neck rotation

 

SHOULDER’S MOVEMENT

  •  Shoulder’s stretch
  • SkandhaCakra (Shoulder rotation)

Benefits: Good for healthy shoulder, helpful in cervical spondylitis and frozen shoulder

 

TRUNK MOVEMENT

 

Trunk twisting (Katishaktiv Vikasak)

 

 KNEE MOVEMENT

 Benefits: Good for knee and hips joint.

For English Common Yoga Protocol of International Day of Yoga 

 YOGASANAS

STANDING POSTURES

Tadasana (Palm Tree Posture)

Tada means palm tree or mountain. It is a palm tree pose or mountain pose.

Benefits: Brings stability, good for spine, corrects faulty posture, increases height

 

Vriksasana (The Tree Posture)

Vriksa means tree. It looks like as a tree, hence the name.

Benefits: Improves neuro-muscular coordination, Good for balance and alertness, Tones up the leg muscles, Beneficial for ligaments

Precaution: Avoid in arthritis, vertigo and obesity

 

Padahastasana (The Hands to Feet Posture)

Pada means feet, hasta means hands. Here, one tries to touch the feet with palms.

Benefits: Spine flexibility, Improves digestion, Prevents constipation, Good for menstrual problems

Precaution: Avoid in cardiac or back problems, abdominal inflammation, hernia and ulcers, and during pregnancy, skip in disc disorders

 

Ardha Chakrasana (The Half Wheel Posture)

Ardha means half. Chakra means wheel where the body takes the shape of a half wheel.

Benefits: Spine flexibility, Strengthens the neck muscles, Improves breathing capacity, Helps in cervical spondylitis

Precaution: Avoid in vertigo and hypertension

 

Trikonasana (The Triangle Posture)

Trikona means triangle where Tri means three and kona is an angle.

Benefits:Weight loss, Prevents flat foot, Strengthens leg muscles, Spine flexibility, Improves lungs capacity

Precaution: Avoid in slipped disc, sciatica, and abdominal surgery

 

SITTING POSTURES

Bhadrasana (The Firm/Auspicious Posture)

Benefits:Good for stable mind, Keeps the knees and hip joints healthy, Relieves knee pain, Abdominal relaxation, Eases pain in menstruation

Precaution: Avoid in arthritis and sciatica

 

Vajrasana (Thunderbolt Posture)

Benefits: Meditative postures, Strengthens thigh and calf muscles, Good for digestion, Healthy spine

Precaution: Don’t practice in piles, knee pain and ankle injury

 

Ardha Ustrasana(The Half Camel Posture)

Ustra means camel where the back looks like as camel hump

Benefits: Strengthen back and neck muscles, Constipation, Increases blood circulation to head, Useful for cardiac patient

Precaution: Avoid in hernia and abdominal injuries and pregnancy

 

Ustrasana (Camel Posture)

Ustra means camel where the body resembles that of a camel

Benefits: Useful for defective eyesight, Relieves back pain and neck pain, Reduces fat over the abdomen, Helpful in digestive problems

Precautions: Avoid in high blood pressure, heart disease and hernia

 

Sasakasana (The Hare Posture)

Benefits: Reduce stress and anger, Tones up reproductive organs, Relieves constipation, Improves digestion

 Precaution: Avoid in backache, Skip in knee injury, Avoid in high blood pressure

 

UttanMandukasana (Stretched up-frog posture)

Uttāna mean upright and Mandūka means frog. In the final position, it resembles as an upright frog.

 Benefits: Helpful in backache, Improves lungs capacity

Precaution: Avoid in knee joint pain

For Hindi Common Yoga Protocol of International Day of Yoga 2017

Vakrasana (The Spinal Twist Posture)

In Vakrasana, the spine is twisted.

Benefits: Increases spinal flexibility, Eases constipation, Stimulates pancreas

Precaution: Avoid in severe back pain, Skip in abdominal surgery and menstruation

 

PRONE POSTURES

Makarasana (The Crocodile Posture)

Here the body looks like as a crocodile

Benefits: Good for relaxation, Treats back pain, Counter stress and anxiety

Precaution: Avoid in low blood pressure, severe cardiac problems, Pregnancy

 

Bhujangasana (The Cobra Posture)

Here the body resembles like the hood of a snake.

Benefits: Best for stress management, reduces abdominal fat and alleviates constipation, helps to remove backache and bronchial problems

Precaution: Avoid in abdominal surgery, hernia, ulcers

 

Salbhasana (The Locust Posture)

Benefits: Helps in sciatica and lower backache, Tones the hip muscles, Good for kidney, Helps in weight loss, Good for digestion

Precaution: Avoid having cardiac problems, Avoid in high blood pressure, Skip in peptic ulcers and hernia

 

SUPINE POSTURES

Setubandhasana (The Bridge Posture)

The body looks like as a bridge.

Benefits: Relieves depression and anxiety, Strengthens lower back muscles, Improves digestion

Precaution: Avoid in ulcers and hernia, pregnancy

 

Uttanpadasana (Raised feet posture)

Here the legs are raised upward in supine position, hence, the name.

Benefits:  Balances the navel centre, Helpful for abdominal pain and indigestion, Builds abdominal muscles, Overcomes nervousness and anxiety

Precaution:  Avoid in hypertension

 

Ardhahalasana (Half plough posture)

This posture is known as Ardhahalasana because in its final position, the body resembles half the shape of an Indian plough.

Benefits:  Beneficial for dyspepsia and constipation, Useful in diabetes and piles, Good for hypertension

Precaution: Avoid in back pain, abdominal injuries

 

Pavanmuktasana (The Wind Releasing Posture)

It’s a gas releasing pose.

Benefits: Removes constipation, Aids digestion, Tones up the back muscles

Precaution: Avoid in abdominal injuries and hernia

 

Savasana (The Dead Body Posture)

In the final position, the body resembles like a dead body

Benefits: Relieve all kinds of tensions, Relaxes psycho-physiological system,  Beneficial in the management of stress and its consequences

 

Kapalbhati

Benefits: Helps to overcome cough disorders,  Useful in treating cold, rhinitis, sinusitis, asthma and bronchial infections,  Strengthens the nervous system

Precaution: Avoid in cardiac conditions, high blood pressure, vertigo, chronic bleeding in the nose, epilepsy, migraine, stroke, hernia and gastric ulcers

 

PRANAYAMA

Nadishodhanaor AnulomaViloma Pranayama (Alternate Nostril Breathing)

Benefits: Purifies nadi’s; thus nourishes the whole body, Induces tranquillity and helps to improve concentration. Increases vitality and lowers the level of stress and anxiety, It elevates cough disorders.

 

Sitali Pranayama

Sitali is a calming and cooling pranayama.

Benefits: Purifies blood, has cooling effect on body, good in case of blood pressure, relieves indigestion, good for skin and eyes

Precaution: Avoid in cold, cough or tonsillitis

 

Bhramri Pranayama

Benefits: Relives stress; alleviates anxiety, anger and hyperactivity; good for nervous system, helps to manage stress, enhances concentration

Precaution:Avoid in case of nose and ear infections

 

DHYANA

Meditation is an act of continuous contemplation.

Benefits:Meditation is the most important component of Yoga. Helps to eliminate negative emotions likefear, anger, depression, anxiety, keeps the mind calm and quiet, increases concentration and memory; rejuvenates the whole body and leads to self-realisation

 

International Day of Yoga at a Glance

  1. Prayer
  2. Sadilaja /CālanaKriyas/Loosening Practices
  •  Neck Bending
  • Shoulder’s movement
  • Trunk Movement
  • Knee MovementCommon Yoga Protocol Yoga

 

  1. Yogāsanas

A. Standing Posture

  • Tādāsana
  • Vrikśāsana
  • Pāda-Hastāsana
  • ArdhaCakrāsana
  • Trikonāsana

 B. Sitting Posture

  • Bhadrāsana
  • Vajrāsana/Veerāsana
  • ArdhaUstrāsana(forbegginners)
  • Ustrāsana
  • Śaśākāsana
  • UtthānaMandūkāsana
  • Marichyāsana / Vakrāsana

 C. Prone Postures

  • Makarāsana
  • Bhujangāsana
  • Śalabhāsana

 D. Supine Postures

  • Śetubandhāsana
  • Uttānapādāsana
  • Ardhahalāsana
  • Pavanamuktāsana
  • Śavāsana

 

  1. Kapālabhāti

 

  1. Prānāyāma
  • Nadiśodhana / AnulomaVilomaPrānāyāma
  • ŚītalīPrānāyāma
  • Bhramari  Pranayama

 

  1. Dhyana

 

  1. Sankalpa

 

  1. SantihPātha

 

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