What is Jimson weed?
Jimson weed is distributed all over the world. All the species of Jimson weed are toxic in nature. The seeds and flowers are more poisonous in nature. In spite of this, Jimson weed is used as medicine in ayurveda system of traditional medicine in formulation of many drugs. The different types of bio-chemical substances such as tropane, alkaloids, atropine, hyoscyamine, scopolamine, etc. which are poisonous in nature are present in it. Its leaves and seeds are used to make medicine.
Teens used it as drugs because of its strong anticholinergic properties. In fact, they are using it as innocence. It has been used as medicine and intoxicant since the long times. Its danger level increases when one takes the higher doses of it.
Jimson weed distribution
The native place of Jimson weed is United States of America (USA) but with the passage of time, it is spread all over the world. In USA, the poisonous plant is basically confined to Southern parts of the country and Mexico. The plant is also found in the arid zone of America such as southern California, East Texas, and northern region of Arizona, Utah and Nevada. Being a traditional medicinal plant, it is also grown in plant nursery. It is also found in the tropical as well as temperate regions across the world. In Europe, the wasteland and garbage are the cultivable regions for this plant. As far as India is concerned, it is found in the Himalayan region.
Common names of Jimson weed
It has been known by many names such as Datura, stink weed, mad apple, thorn apple stramonium, tatula, etc. The other common names of the plant are:
- English Name- Thorn apple, Devil’s trumpet, Metel
- Arabic name – Datur
- Persian name – Tatur
- Hindi Name- Sada Dhatura
- Tamil Name- Ummattangani/ Vella- Ummathai
- Telugu Name- Ummetta
- Bengal Name- Dhattura
- Gujarati name – Dhattura
- Marathi Name-Dhattura
- Kannada name- Unmatta, Dhattura
- Malayalam Name- Unmatta, Dhattura
Jimson weed classification
- Botanical name: Datura stramonium
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Division: Magnoliophyta
- Class: Magnoliopsida
- Order: Solanales
- Family: Solanaceae (deadly Nightshade family)
- Genus: Jimson
- Species: Datura stramonium
List of Jimson weed species
- Datura wrightii also called Southwestern Thorn Apple
- Datura stramonium also called Jimson weed
- Datura metaloides also called sacred datura
- Datura inoxia named as Toloache
- Datura discolor is also known as Moon flower.
- Datura ceratocaula
- Datura ferox: long spined thorn-apple
- Datura leichhardti: Leichhardt’s datura
- Datura quercifolia: Oak-leaf thorn-apple
Jimson weed medicinal uses
Jimson weed is not a normal plant, so extra precaution are needed while using this plant for medicinal purposes.
- The juice of the plant when applied over the scalp, helps to treat hair fall, hair loss and dandruff.
- It is a good insect repellent thus protects other plants of its surroundings from insects.
- Poisonous bio-chemical substances such as scopolamine, hyoscyamine, and atropine are present in it.
Jimson weed drugs and medicinal benefits
Due to the presence of bio-chemical compounds such as scopolamine and atropine, its medicinal value has been recognized by FDA.
- It is used as flying ointment and applies on the soles of the feet, vagina and armpits.
- It is being used as some type of brew named as Ayahuasca brews.
- The blends of Jimson weed and cannabis are used largely in cigarette or pipe smoking.
- It is also helpful in treating of respiratory disorders.
- Scopolamine and atropine are used as sedatives
- It is helpful in case of motion sickness, nausea and dizziness.
- In some parts of the world, it is also used as analgesic and anesthesia.
Jimson weed benefits
- Jimson weed leaves act as pain killer. When its roasted leaves are applied over the affected area, helps to relieve pain.
- It is used for ayurvedic medicine, especially in case of asthma.
- Its leaves are used as anti-asthmatic and antispasmodic.
- It has beneficial impacts upon fistulas and abscesses.
- Due to the presence of bio-chemical substances like hyoscyamine and atropine, it may be used as mind altering drug.
- Jimson weeds oil extract is beneficial for hair.
- It is helpful to relieve headache.
- Its leaves infusion has good impact upon arthritis and rheumatism.
- Jimson weed extract ethanol is used as repellent against larva and mosquito.
- Its leaves juice is good for earache.
- Though, it’s a poison, even though, it is used to treat cough, flu, influenza, etc.
- It is also used as hallucinations drug to create the ambience of well-being.
- It is used in case of intestinal cramps, diarrhea and bed-wetting.
Jimson weed side effects
- Being a poisonous herb, it should be taken only after consultation with the experienced ayurvedic doctor.
- The bio-chemicals like scopolamine and atropine are used as poison.
- It may increase the heart beat and may lead to cardiac arrest.
- The chemicals anticholinergic may lead to abnormal behaviour.
- It is good to dilate pupils.
- Blurred vision, hallucinations, giddiness and hyperthermia, difficult urinating are some of the side effects of Jimson weed.
- It can show adverse reaction to the nervous system.
- Its juice is strictly not in favour for the health of eyes.
Jimson weed poisoning symptoms
After taking Jimson weed, the person may be seen with the following symptoms
- Incoherent speech
- Rapid heartbeat
- Dry skin
- Impaired coordination
- Cardiac arrest
- Blurred vision
- Urine retention
- Abdominal pain
- Dilated pupils
- Dry mouth
- Elevated blood pressure
- Red skin
- Fever and thrust
- Rapid breathing
Jimson weed poisonous substance
Jimson weed is a herb, grow as weed along with soybean cultivation throughout the world. All the parts of Jimson weed are poisonous, especially the leaves and seeds. Hungry animals on the field become the prey of this poisonous plant. Chickens also become infected with the contaminated seeds of this plant. Children also become attracted towards this plant because of the beauty of flower. The poisonous chemical with the plant are:
- Tropane alkaloids