Health Benefits of Honey
• Regular use of honey helps to increase appetite also solves the indigestion problems in kids.
• Mixed with lukewarm water, it diffuses immediately into the bloodstream helps the brain to use more amount of glucose thus helps in overcoming fatigue.
• If honey is taken with lime juice, it helps to cleanse the bowel thereby strengthen the digestive system.
• To have a relief in hyperacidity, the mix of honey + ghee is given for better result.
• For obesity and weight loss, a glass of warm water +1 tsp of honey should be taken on empty stomach in the morning times. If used regularly, it shows good result.
• Honey is beneficial to release phlegm out and acts as expectorant.
• For sore throat licking of honey is recommended.
• For sore throat, gargling should be done with a solution of honey, oil and salt.
• Deficiency of vitamin B leads to impair vision, calf muscles pain, for this, bran bread is given with honey and ghee along with glass of milk.
• Being a good source of vitamins such as nicotinic acid, Vit-C, B2, etc, it is highly beneficial for eyes related problems like corneal ulcers, retinal hemorrhage, congestion of sclera, etc.
• Hippocrates advocated honey for longevity and has used it till his 109th years of life.
Home Remedies of Honey
• Honey helps to improve complexion improver within 25-30 days.
• The paste of honey + ghee + rock salt is applied over the insect bite area.
• Honey heals the wound, if applied regularly.
• Itching problems can also be minimised by applying honey on the concerned body area.
• For excessive salvation, continuous hiccups, it is good to take the paste of ginger powder + honey. For hiccups, honey is also given with lime juice and salt.
• For stomatitis, a solution of salt, water and honey is used for gargling.
• Feeling of vomiting, take the powder of chebulic myrobalan along with honey.
• For constipation, a teaspoon of honey is recommended with 2 tsp of ghee daily.
• Honey is also used as preservation for fruits like apple, figs, and Indian gooseberry.
Medicinal Benefits of Honey
• Cleansing of wounds with water and honey prevent secondary infections and also helps in healing. Honey protects the wounded parts from pathogen.
• In case of acute burns, the mix of honey and ghee is applied on the affected area.
• Teeth cavity pain can be reduced by keeping cotton soaked honey on it.
• If a person suffering from earache, few drops of honey can be used as eardrops.
• For conjunctivitis, honey is used as local application.
• It is extremely beneficial for mouth ulcer person. It is applied on the affected parts to get relief.
• Honey + long pepper powder is used in case of asthmatic patients.
• Kids suffering from fever cough and cold; powder of meusa + long pepper +, Pistacia integerrima + garden cress is given along with honey.
• Honey has the ability to draw water content from the wound by osmosis due to its higher sugar content helps in wound contraction.
• Being low Ph value, it inhibits bacterial growth.
• The nutritional composition of honey is
• Fructose- 36%,
• Sugar- 3%,
Minerals like potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, sulphur, chromium, nickel, tin, silver and gold are abundant in Honey. Honey contains vitamins like Vit-B1, B2, B6, C, niacin, nicotinic acid, and pantothenic acid. Phenyl amine, aspartic acid, gluconic acid, leucin, valin and asparginil protein are present.
Use of Honey
Recent collected honey is unripe, hence not of maximum use. Store honey is considered as good quality and used in the form of medicine and food. Ideally, one-year old honey is considered to be the best for use. Honey is used in baking industry, breakfast-cereal manufacture, snack food manufacture, confectionaries, salad dressings and sauces, dairy product industry etc. It is also used in beverage industry and as an energy booster for athletes due to its rapid assimilation. It has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory effect, so used for various diseases purposes.
How Honeybees make Honey?
Honeybees have to do hard work for the formation of one drop of honey. After extracting the honey from the flowers, the bees store it in the stomach where it with the help of invertase enzyme convert sucrose to fructose and glucose. Ripening process of honey starts by lowering the content of water thereby honeybees store it in its honey-comb.
There are three types of honeybees-honey collector, supervisor and queen. The female bee or the queen lay about 2000 eggs every day. Out of these eggs, the queen gets matured in 16 days and its lifespan is 2-3 years. The lifespan of collector and male bee varies from 2-4 months. The collector bees are maximum in number and sting if needed only once in lifetime. After stinging once, it loses its stinging power. The main duty of the male honey bees is to make the queen pregnant. After the copulation over, they die immediately. To gather 3 kilogram of honey, the bees have to visit about 7, 50, 000 flowers.
How to Recognise, Identify and Test Honey?
Honey sinks down when added to a glass of water. If dropped on dry cloth, doesn’t stain it. When honey mixed with 3-4 parts of alcohol formed turbid mixture that shows the purity of it. Boil one part of honey with 5 parts of water, cool it, adds some quantity of iodine and the blue discoloration shows the impurity in it. Colour consistency along with good taste is some of the features of good honey. It is hygroscopic in nature to maintain its original weight.
Qualities of Honey
• Pure honey is yellowish in nature just like cow’s ghee.
• The taste of honey depends upon the flowers from where nectar is sucked.
• Honey brunt completely and noiselessly and doesn’t leave any residue.
• When honey rubbed between two fingers, it become more liquid.
• Where pure honey is stored in a bottle, after sometime, sugar crystal may be seen at the bottom.
Types of Honey
Types of honey depend upon species of the bees, and flowers from where it sucks nectars or honey. As per Ayurveda, there are eight types of honey
Prevention and Precaution for Honey
• Honey should never be heated and consumed.
• It is better to avoid having honey in the summer season.
• Pitta type person should avoid honey.
• Honey on overheating becomes toxic to the body because of the formation of Hetroxy Methyl Furfural.
• Excessive use of honey causes diarrhoea.