What is Dengue Fever?
Dengue fever is caused by dengue virus where the symptoms are characterised by fever, headache, severe joint pains, skin rashes, etc. Dengue is caused by a family of viruses, carried by mosquitoes, especially the Aedes aegypti. The chronic fever may ranges from one to two weeks. Dengue fever is generally tended to attack people with low immune system. The aedes mosquito can bite many people. The suitable biting time of aedes mosquito is generally in the morning and in the evening. The dengue fever is more common in urban and semi-urban areas. Dengue fever is also known as ‘Break Bone Fever’ because of severe body ache and joint pains. As per World Health Organisation (WHO), more than 40 % of world population (over 2.5 billion) are at risk of dengue.
Dengue symptoms come to notice after 10 to 15 days of biting of the mosquitoes which are the career of the viruses.
- Abrupt fever with chills
- Fever gets down after 3 to 4 days with excessive sweating. The patient experienced normal temperature for one day and again temperature surges.
- Severe Headache
- Severe body ache
- Low back pain
- Severe muscle and joints pain
- Skin rashes
- Pain behind eyes
- Palm and sole may be swollen and red.
- Pain in abdomen with Nausea
- The four kind of viruses that caused dengue are DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, DEN-4,
- Vector for these viruses is Aedes Aegypti
- Blood transfusion and organ donation from infected person
Favourite Places of Dengue Mosquitoes
- Water Cooler
- Dirty ponds and water bodies
- Water in open vessel
- Old and discarded tyres
- Dirty and filthy water
- Flower vase, Flower pots
- Choked roof gutters
- Unused toilet bowls
- Concrete drain
- Tree holes and leaf axils
As far as treatment is concerned, there is no as such vaccine available for the disease. The main thing is the prevention and hospital doctors and nurses play the supportive role to maintain body’s fluid level and pay much more attention on platelets because platelets count get drastically reduced during dengue. In a number of cases, platelets transfusion is being done to avoid the severity of the case. In normal person, the platelet is 1.5lacs to 4.5 lacs in per microlotre of blood. Paracetamol may also be given initially to reduce fever. In homeopathic treatment, medicine like Aconitum napellus 30, Bryonia alba 30, Eupatorium perfoliatum 30 and Rhus toxicodendron 30 may be given to patients to control dengue fever after consultation with the physicians.
Home Remedies for Dengue
- In case of dengue, one should take more and more fluid and oral dehydration.
- Fresh papaya leaves juice is highly recommended to dengue patient as enzymes such as chymopapin and papin of papaya leaves are effective in raising the blood platelets counts.
- Take those diets, which can be easily digested.
- Avoid spicy and oily foods.
- Take sufficient rest.
- To reduce body temperature, one should practice hydrotherapy.
Prevention is better than cure is more appropriately suitable for dengue disease. Prevention is utmost important in case of dengue.
- Accumulated/stagnant water is the favourite breeding ground for mosquitoes. Therefore, such unhygienic conditions should be care of.
- Proper cleaning of water storage i.e. water cooler should be done on regular basis or once in week.
- To prevent mosquito breeding, 2tsp of kerosene or petrol can be put into 100 litres of stagnant water.
- Mosquito net should be used; especially precautions should be taken with children.
- Mosquito repellent should be used.
- Long-sleeved dresses both in case of children and adult should be preferred.
- Discard the items such as tyres, broken pots, which may the source of collecting of water.
- Prevent mosquito entering into eyes.
- One should use screen on door and windows to prevent entry of mosquito.
- Whenever the spray worker comes, ask him to spray properly near your and adjoining areas.
- Discourage the children to play outdoors in shorts and half.
- To control mosquito use aerosol and liquid spray.
- Water should be removed from flower on alternate day.