Inder Kumar Gujral was the 12th Prime Minister of India. His tenure covered the period from April 1997 to March 1998. He had sworn in as Prime Minister on 21 April 1997. He was the second Prime Minister of India who came from Rajya Sabha and the first one is the H.D. Deve Gowda. He was the politician, diplomat and an orator. The diplomatic politician died at 3.31 pm on 30 November, 2012 at the age of 92. He was the only Prime Minister who wrote his biography-Matters of Discretion: An Autobiography.
He was survived by his two sons, Naresh and Vishal Gujral. His wife Sheila Gujral died in 2011. His brother Satish Gujral is a famous painter and artist.
Gujral’s Early Life
Inder Kumar Gujral basically belonged to Pakistan. He had born on 4th December, 1919 at Jhelum town in Pakistan. He was associated many freedom struggles and jailed during Quit India Movement in 1942. During his college, he was active in politics and crossed India after partition in August 1947.
Inder Kumar Gujral as a Politician
As a politician, the former Prime Minister holds many important portfolios. He had been the minister of Information and Broadcasting, External Affairs, Parliamentary Affairs, Works & Housing, Planning, etc. As a minister, the shrewd politician solved and dealt with important issues. One of the important issues which he was associated that meeting with Saddam Hussein after Iraq’s invasion over Kuwait.
Gujral as a Prime Minister
Inder Kumar Gujral was essentially a congressman. But, he left the Congress party in 1980 and joined Janata Dal. When he took oath as a PM, the Congress supported him from outside. During his short period of Prime ministerial tenure, fodder scam of Bihar dogged the centre. When Inder Kumar Gujral transferred the CBI director Joginder Singh who was investigating the scam, the Prime Minister had to face lots of criticism as many people felt that the PM favouring Lalu Prasad Yadav and party Janata Dal. President rule recommendation in Uttar Pradesh and leaking of Jain Commission report (Rajiv Gandhi assassination) during his government were the point of controversy.
Gujral Doctrine is one of the important chapters in Indian foreign policy. In the Gujral Doctrine, focussed has been given on Indian sub-continents. It tells us how to make good relations with neighbouring countries. Integrity, Sovereignty, bilateral negotiation, peace was given importance. India will not ask for reciprocity from countries like Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh were the components of the doctrine. Gujral Doctrine was appreciated not only in India, though it gets acclaimed outside the country too.